Prescription sleeping pills

Prescription sleeping pills

Sleeping pills are substances that facilitate and prolong the sleep. Some have antiepileptic and anticonvulsant effects. Before you undergo a treatment, you should find the reason why you cannot sleep. Sleeping pills, even if help you sleep, should not be administered systematically. They are medicine and like any other drugs show indications and contraindications (sleep apnea) and especially side effects (amnesia and drowsiness). Types of prescription sleeping pills:
•    Hypnotic drugs- benzodiazepines and nonbenzodiazepines.
•    Antidepressants with sedative effect.
•    Melatonin receptors-Ramelteon.

 Prescription sleeping pills: What’s right for you?

Prescription sleeping pillsThe best prescription sleeping pills known are barbiturates. All have common actions: in small doses is a sedative, in higher doses is a hypnotic. They are weak analgesic, anticonvulsants and anti-epileptics. Barbiturates induce a sleep similar to narcosis (suppress dream stages of sleep). Among barbiturates some have long-acting (8-10 hours) – Phenobarbital; others are short-acting (3 hours).Common side effect: apnea, coughing, laryngospasm, and bronchospasm. Also they interfere with the ability to drive a vehicle because it reduces attention. They have generally been substituted by other drugs because of the great risk of addiction, but are still used in anesthesiology.

Most used prescription sleeping pills

Nowadays the most used prescription sleeping pills – medicines for sleep disorder are benzodiazepines; they are among the most prescribed medications worldwide. This popularity in the medical world is due to the ability to attenuate the manifestations of anxiety with minimum interference in cognitive processes. All benzodiazepines have sedative-hypnotic properties in various degrees. Benzodiazepines have replaced barbiturates as sedative-hypnotic agents, especially because of their very low possibility to produce the fatal central nervous system depression. These drugs act on the nervous system by reducing tension and anxiety, making the state of sleep easy to install. They are effective for short-term insomnia. The risks of dependency appear when you are using for a long time. The side effects may include: confusion, memory loss, possibility to become easily irritable, choleric which can easily lead to outbursts of hysteria. In older people can cause mental instability and even a nervous breakdown. The incidence of severe adverse reactions is very low, which explains the large number of overdose, accidental or voluntary. The prototype benzodiazepine is diazepam, but the most administered are: flurazepam (has a long effect), temazepam (intermediate-acting) and triazolam (has a short effect).

Prescription sleeping pills

Nonbenzodiazepines are a class of hypnotic medicines for sleep disorders that acts on the brain to cause drowsiness. They are used for short-term treatment of insomnia when it is severe, or cause major discomfort. The side effects are just as severe as in benzodiazepines, but they are less likely to produce dependence. The most commonly used in USA are Sonata and Ambien.

In some cases, treatment for depression can improve insomnia when it is in used small doses. However, these drugs will be used especially for the treatment of insomnia. When insomnia is a secondary manifestation of depression or anxiety, antidepressants can be used for treating both conditions.
Ramelteon is a new class of drugs that acts on the melatonin receptors (melatonin maintains circadian rhythm).It appears to have a few side effects and has a low risk of addiction.

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